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How MSME Suppliers Can Recover Delayed Payment?

Shalini Vasishtha
May 23, 2024
Micro Small Medium

Introduction to MSME-

MSME firms play an important part in a country's economic development. MSME represents businesses that fall under a specified size and turnover range. In India, they are divided into two categories: investment in plant and machinery for manufacturing units and investment in equipment for service firms. The government of India offers MSME registration to industries designated as Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSME) in India.

Registration of MSME-

For MSMEs, the Udyam registration online registration process is quicker and more efficient.

  • Go to https://udyamregistration.gov.in/, the official website for Udyam registration. Go to the "Welcome to Register Here" section and select the "For New Entrepreneurs" option if you are not a registered MSMEs.
  • Your twelve-digit Aadhaar number must be entered into a new window that opens. After entering, select "Validate & Generate OTP," then enter the OTP that appears on the mobile number connected to your Aadhar account.
  • You will need to select your company category from Micro, Small, or Medium firms based on the yearly turnover after inputting your Aadhar number. After entering the PAN number, you must select "Validate." 
  • After entering all of the previously mentioned information, you need to enter the MSME's complete office and mailing addresses. This entails inputting the name of the district in which the MSME is located, in addition to the email address, mobile number, state, and pin code. 
  • After that, click "Submit" after entering the bank's information, which includes the IFSC code and account number. Mention the primary business activity (such as manufacturing or services) in the enterprise details.
  • Choosing the District Industry Centre (DIC) is the last stage. After that, click "Submit" and "Generate OTP" after accepting the terms and conditions. Click "Final Submit" after entering the OTP to obtain the registration number.

Ways in Which MSME can Recover their Delayed Payments

1. MSME Samadhaan Portal 

The MSME Samadhaan portal serves as a centralized platform for addressing payment delays experienced by Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in India. MSMEs register on the portal and file complaints against purchasers who fail to pay beyond the agreed-upon credit period. The complaints are then examined, and the resolution process begins. The portal allows communication between MSMEs and purchasers to achieve a resolution, with authorities stepping in to mediate disputes and speed up payments. MSMEs can use the platform to track the development of their complaints and obtain status updates. In addition, the portal keeps a list of defaulting customers to promote awareness and encourage payment compliance.

2. Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Processes

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) has emerged as a powerful tool for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) looking to recover late payments quickly and efficiently. ADR approaches like as mediation and arbitration provide MSMEs with faster resolution than traditional litigation, frequently saving significant time and costs. Furthermore, these tactics are often less expensive, allowing MSMEs with limited financial resources to pursue payment collection without incurring significant legal expenditures. The flexibility and informality of ADR enable MSMEs to tailor the settlement process to their individual requirements while maintaining critical business connections with clients or consumers.

3. TReDS (Trade Receivables Discounting System)

TReDS simplifies the process of obtaining working capital for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in India. MSMEs upload outstanding invoices to the TReDS platform, where they are verified for legitimacy and validity. These bills are subsequently put available for bidding by registered financiers, such as banks and non-banking financial companies (NBFCs). Before putting bids, financiers examine the MSMEs' creditworthiness as well as the risk connected with the invoicing. After accepting a bid, the chosen financier disburses funds to the MSME, usually within a short duration. The buyer then pays the financier immediately on the agreed-upon due date. TReDS charges a fee for its services, which is deducted from the discounted amount before funds are disbursed to the MSMEs. Overall, TReDS provides MSMEs with an efficient and transparent platform for converting accounts receivable into immediate cash, allowing them to better manage cash flow and lessen the impact of delayed payments. 

4. MSMED Act, 2006

The MSME Development Act of 2006 in India includes critical clauses addressing late payments to Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Section 15 requires buyers who fail to complete payments within the agreed-upon term, which cannot exceed 45 days, to pay compound interest on the outstanding sum. Section 16 establishes Micro and Small Enterprises Facilitation Councils (MSEFCs) to resolve disputes between MSMEs and buyers over delayed payments. Furthermore, Section 18 allows dissatisfied parties to appeal MSEFC rulings to the appropriate High Court within 30 days. These sections establish a legal framework for MSMEs to seek resolution for late payments, ensuring timely collection of dues and maintaining a strong cash flow.


The MSME Samadhaan portal, ADR procedures, TReDS, and MSMED Act creates a strong framework that enables Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises (MSMEs) to effectively recover overdue payments. By giving MSMEs easily accessible channels for registering grievances, settling conflicts, obtaining working capital, and pursuing legal action, these tools help them stay financially resilient in the face of competition and guarantee that payments are made on time.

About the author
Shalini Vasishtha

Shalini Vasishtha, a lawyer and trainee at Ancoraa while pursuing a postgraduate insolvency program, possesses a comprehensive grasp of insolvency, bankruptcy, and restructuring. With previous experience as a legal blog writer, she adeptly intertwines her expertise in her writings, providing invaluable insights for navigating the intricate complexities within the realm of insolvency.

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